Don't know how many times I've done this.
Deploy to Dev., get everything working, deploy to QAS, support QAS acceptance testing, deploy to Prod., smoke test.
When you have a lot of claims rules to copy over, I found a neat way to do it.
e.g. for a CP.
(Get-AdfsClaimsProviderTrust -Name "My CP").AcceptanceTransformRules | Out-File “C:\path\CPClaimsRules.txt”
And then import the rules to the new CP.
Set-AdfsClaimsProviderTrust -TargetName "My CP" -AcceptanceTransformRulesFile “C:\path\CPClaimsRules.txt” .
I've found that this also avoids the issue where you keep a copy of the rules in e.g. Word and then when you try and paste them into the ADFS wizard, you get all kinds of format errors.
Update: But beware copying groups over.